Forest products are one of the most original and ancient available resources to mankind. And as building materials, wood and bamboo are the two most environmentally "green" products with bamboo in a shade greener.
Albeit, the high degree of work and effort placed in trying to regulate the sustainable use of forest wood resources, there is a high degree of confusion concerning "green" fiber which include wood and bamboo. Given the lack of consistency in describing them, terms such as recycled, salvaged, green, certified, reclaimed are often used interchangeably and "sustainable" is claimed by nearly every industry player. Then, we also have the issue of multiple 3rd party certifiers body each lobbying to be the voice of the industry. At dasso, through many decades in the industry, we have seen too many "3rd party" certification programs come and go to hang our hat solely on their latest definitions "du jour" of sustainability - which seem to change each year anyway.
Recognizing this lack of clarity, dasso together with Ecotimber has made an effort to rationalize the language used to describe "green" wood products, organize them into logical categories and then identify them with a simple system of symbols which need NOT change each year. The result of this work is the following set of "Eco" icons, which we affectionately call "Econs".
Recycled Wood Fiber
Recycled Wood Fiber is wood fiber that is a by-product of other wood manufacturing processes, and includes the resultant waste such as sawdust, veneer backer boards, peeler cores, and so forth.
This type of recycled content is described as “pre-consumer” or “post-industrial” (the latter is the term we favor).
Note: there is also “post-consumer” recycled content, which involves recycling wood products & wood fiber that has already been used by consumers and discarded is now reworked into new products or simply reused as is.
Recycled – Post Industrial
Qualifies as FSC Recycled & USGB LEED MR4
Waste wood such as sawdust, veneer backing boards, peeler logs.
Recycled – Reused Flooring
Qualifies as FSC® Recycled & USGB LEED MR3
Old flooring reused from buildings being torn down.
Reclaimed Wood Fiber is wood fiber that is salvaged or repurposed, diverting from landfills or end of life-cycle - a subset of recycled wood fiber..
Examples of reclaimed items include timbers from the deconstruction of old buildings, fences or crates/dunnage that is then re-milled into new products like flooring, wall paneling, etc.. mainly for the purposes of decorative surfaces. Examples of reuse include the reuse of doors, windows, flooring and other wood products like posts that are reused “as is” without remanufacturing into another product.
Salvaged Logs are distinguished from other categories in that the basic wood fiber source is logs which have already been felled - rather than sawn wood or reused wood from previously manufactured wood products or current manufacturing processes. This category covers all sources for logs that are being felled for purposes other than timber harvesting (or were lost in transport) and hence are in fact salvaged. Sources include urban forest trimmings, salvaged logs from waterways, logs from orchards, or logs from felling of standing deadwood but only as a result of a major natural disaster that killed an entire forest or species.
Salvaged Logs – Post Agricultural
Salvaged from old orchards being replanted.
Salvaged Logs – Forest Deadwood
Salvaged Logs – Industrial Forestry
Salvaged from industrial forest thinnings destined to be chipped.
Salvaged Logs – Urban Forests
Logs salvaged from trees growing in urban areas.
Salvaged Logs – Waterway
Sunken logs raised from river and lake bottoms.
The Sustainable Forestry category covers wood that is harvested from natural forests or plantations.
We have created the 3rd Party Certified Wood “Econ” to allow EcoTimber to label products correctly, but without all the requirements that certain 3rd party certifying organizations require when using their trademarks, which added a long list of unecessary procedures and a huge price tag passed on to the consumers. On our “Econ” we then have a reference number that ties back to which third party program a given item is certified against. Then within the limitations of that certifier, we also add their label in the manner they require.
We believe that the Forest Stewardship Council® is currently the main credible forest certification program and we use the proper “on product” FSC® labeling and their designations such as FSC® 100%, FSC® Mix, FSC® Recycled & the various current combinations. We also use, as required, their generic FSC® labeling on all marketing and information pieces without any actual product attached. This generic labeling does not, as required, detail any of the portions of FSC®, Mix, Recycled.
dasso and EcoTimber also includes a category for plantations to designate timber that comes from plantations that are not established at the expense of natural forest and do not use genetically-modified organisms (GMOs). In the case of bamboo, which is a grass and thus is already sustainable and renewable. However, bamboo as a forest product must submit to most countries forest regulations hence acceptance to the FSC body.
Sustainable Forestry — FSC® 100%
All of the wood in this product comes from forests that are certified well-managed according to the rules of the Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®). Qualifies as FSC® 100% & USGB LEED MR7.
Sustainable Forestry — FSC® Mix
This product is certified according to the rules of the Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®) for “Mix Sources.” At least 75% of the wood in this product comes from well-managed forests; the remaining content comes from “controlled” sources—i.e. legal, non-endangered, and non-old growth sources.
Sustainable Forestry — Plantation
Plantation-grown on afforested lands and not GMO.
Other Environmental Attributes
The Other Environmental Attributes category covers all environmental attributes that are not found in the other categories, including embodied energy/local materials, air quality/added-formaldehyde, and rapid renewability.
15 years or less regrowth rate with average years to regrow listed. Qualifies as USGB LEED MR6.
Not from trees. Examples of “alternative to fiber to wood” options includes bamboo, palm, and cork.
Low Energy - Local
Sourced and processed locally within the listed mileage.
Meets German E-1 Standards.
This icon identifies engineered wood flooring products that contain no added urea-formaldehyde.
Surface By Nature
Surface By Nature indicate product has a surface layer naturally protective in nature which enhance its specialty properties.
Durable engineered finish made with plant oils and waxes, plus just enough highly refined mineral spirits for easy application. It will never crack, blister, or flake off.
3rd Party Certified Low-VOC products emit less than .005 PPM (parts per millon) volatile organic compound chemicals.
3rd Party Certified No-VOC products emit less than .001 PPM (parts per million) and do not contain added Formaldehyde.
No preservative is sip out from the material to contaminate water source under wet environment.
No Added ACQ and CCA
ACQ and CCA are two standard chemical use as preservative in treated lumber. These chemical are poisonous to living organism including mammals.
Ask about our FSC® products